Title£º Insulation effect of air cavity in sand mold using 3D printing technology
Author£º Cheng-yang Deng1, *Jin-wu Kang1, Hao-long Shangguan1, Tao Huang2, Xiao-peng Zhang1, Yong-yi Hu1, and
Address£º 1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials Processing Technology, Ministry of Education, Beijing, China 2. Beijing DRUCK Technology Development Co. Ltd., China
Key words£º 3D printing; sand mold; air cavity; insulation effect; riser
CLC Nmuber£º TG231.6
Document Code£º A
Article ID£º 1672-6421(2018)01-037-07

The insulation effect of the air cavity surrounding the riser in a 3D printed sand mold was studied. The influence of the air cavity on heat flux was theoretically analyzed. The results demonstrated that the heat flux of the air cavity in the 3D printed sand mold was significantly less than that of resin-bonded sand. The insulation effect of the air cavity in sand molds for a cylinder casting and a stress-frame casting were simulated using software COMSOL. The results illustrated that the air cavity could be used to insulate the riser and it was more suitable for a lower melting point metal casting. An air cavity with 10-15 mm width and 5-10 mm away from the riser can significantly prolong the solidification of the riser by over 10%. Meanwhile, the sand mold for the stress-frame was made by 3D printing technology and poured with aluminum alloy A356 melt. The experiment results showed that the presence of the air cavity led to a 12.5% increase of the solidification time of its riser.