Title£º Phase-field numerical simulation of three-dimensional competitive growth of dendrites in a binary alloy
Author£º *Li Feng 1, 2, Ya-long Gao 1, Chang-sheng Zhu 2,3, Guo-sheng An 1, Xin Deng 3, and Bei-bei Jia 1
Address£º 1. School of Materials and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China 2. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing and Recycling of Nonferrous Metals, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China 3. School of Computer and Communication, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
Key words£º dendrite; Al-Cu binary alloy; competitive growth; dendritic morphology
CLC Nmuber£º TP391.99./TG146.21
Document Code£º A
Article ID£º 1672-6421(2018)01-044-07
Abstract£º

The normal vector of migration direction in the solid-liquid interface of dendrites was used to describe the phase-field governing equation. By using the three angles formed by the normal vector for the migration direction of the dendritic growth interface and the coordinate axes of the simulation region, the authors expressed the interfacial anisotropy equation, and built a phase-field model for the competitive growth of multiple grains. Taking a Al-2%mole-Cu binary alloy as an example, the competitive growth of multiple grains during isothermal solidification was simulated by applying parallel computing techniques. In addition, the phase field simulation results were verified by the experimental method. The simulation results show that the competitive growth of equiaxed dendrite is divided into two types: the first occurs during the process of competitive growth, the tips of primary dendrite on different grains taking part in the competition stop growing in their optimal growth direction; the second also occurs during competitive growth, the tips of primary dendrite which participate in the competition on different grains never stop growing in their optimal growth direction. The dendritic morphologies of the first competition growth type are divided into two types. Primary dendrites of grains taking part in the competition stop growing in their optimal growth direction and the competition plane enlarges when neither one wins the competition. However, when one wins the competition, the primary dendrites of grains with superiority go through the blocking grains and continue to grow in their optimal growth direction. The primary dendrites of inferior grains stop growing in their optimal growth direction and then instead grow in those areas without obstacles. The dendritic morphology of the second competition-growth type is shown to be the deformation of primary dendrites, which are mainly represented as the deflection and bending observed from different views. Compared with the metallographic picture, the simulation results can show the morphology of the competitive growth in all directions, so this simulation method can better characterize the competitive growth process.